• April 13th, 2016

Present a critical review of the past, current and future use of animals in brain research.

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements

Task: Present a critical review of the past, current and future use of animals in brain research. (this is a biological psychology subject)

Remember this critical review needs to be balanced. This means you must provide evidence for your arguments as well as critique the available evidence. Is the evidence you are presenting backed up by other studies? Do some studies show conflicting evidence? Was there an issue with the study conducted that means you need to be careful in interpreting the results? Please use at least 11 recent (last 5 years, i.e. from 2011 onwards) journal articles as references. Book references as well. Additional references will also be expected

Presentation:
1) APA format is required
2) Must be an ACTIVE TONE
3) Must criticise and analyze the material
4) References with of journal articles in doi and not in Indian research
5) NO direct quotes. Must paraphrase and use findings of studies/authors
6) Must compare and oppose findings
7) Must discuss past (history), current and future

This is how it will be graded:

1. Answered the Question
A critical review of the past, current and future use of animals in brain research.
Demonstrated knowledge of four learning outcomes:
A) Understands the foundations of physiological psychology
B) Understands the bases for analysing behaviour in terms of brain mechanisms
C) Understands the bases of some organic disorders and become fluent in describing medical terms for common manifestations of brain dysfunction
D) Understands laboratory methods that involve the research principles used in biological psychology

2. Evidence of Critical Discussion
A) Relevant papers are reviewed, from seminal early works to the latest current developments and are inter-related and build upon each other showing progress to the current state B) Identifies key issues/debate in the literature concisely summarising and discussing them in reference to how they address the essay question
C) Critical examination of methods and findings
D) Demonstrates contextual understanding – historical, societal, cultural, moral and ethical implications

3. Introduction
A) Provides brief background /contextual information and introduces the essay’s topic clearly and concisely
B) Identifies the relevance and importance of topic
C) Identifies the point of view/argument
D) Identifies structure of paper
C) Briefly discusses the conclusion reached

4. Conclusion
A) Provides a synthesis of essay not summary
B) Restates the topic and purpose of the essay
C) Reviews major points presented in the essay
D) Discusses the implications of your conclusion

Hello. the author walks the reader through the topic/issue explaining earlier models /theories and their application —> noting strengths and weaknesses in such theory and or application —> moving on to explain to the reader how another theorist or technological or scientific advancement has now addressed such weaknesses thus explaining the strengths and weaknesses of that model/theory/application, and continues in this manner until contemporary theories and applications are discussed. The author then discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the current state of affairs and identifies future direction for research or advancement in theory and application.

This is what has/ has/not been done:

The future direction for research or advancements and in theory and application was not discussed. It was mentioned that future animal research is likely to continue but there needs to be more discussion around future research/advancements and application and what neuroscience and the future holds either with or without animals. Also the paper needs to discuss each study/model/theory and its application and their weakness and strengths and if other studies support or refute it.

The conclusions and limitations needs to be discussed and the history of brain research and the laboratory methods used. Current laboratory methods and findings. It skims over the actual methods used and their weakness or strengths of each study.

Here again is what it will be marked on:

1. Answered the Question
A critical review of the past, current and future use of animals in brain research.
Demonstrated knowledge of four learning outcomes:
Understands the foundations of physiological psychology
Understands the bases for analysing behaviour in terms of brain mechanisms
Understands the bases of some organic disorders and become fluent in describing medical terms for common manifestations of brain dysfunction
Understands laboratory methods that involve the research principles used in biological psychology
2. Evidence of Critical Discussion Relevant papers are reviewed, from seminal early works to the latest current developments and are inter-related and build upon each other showing progress to the current state Identifies key issues/debate in the literature concisely summarising and discussing them in reference to how they address the essay question
Critical examination of methods and findings
Demonstrates contextual understanding – historical, societal, cultural, moral and ethical implications
3. Introduction
Provides brief background /contextual information and introduces the essay’s topic clearly and concisely Identifies the relevance and importance of topic Identifies your point of view/argument Identifies structure of paper Briefly discusses the conclusion you will reach
4. Conclusion
Provides a synthesis of essay not summary Restates the topic and purpose of the essay Reviews major points presented in the essay Discusses the implications of your conclusion

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