• March 3rd, 2016


Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements

  • Ethics in Public Service Paper

Please read and answer the 3 fact patterns listed below. Each answer must be at least one (1) page for a total of 3 pages.  (typed, double spaced),

Fact Patterns


    1. Carlos Chance, is a former United States Postal Service (USPS) manager. His son, Julio, who is also a former worker at the post office, was shot when a disgruntled employee, who was attempting to shoot Carlos, fired shots through the rear door, hitting Julio.  Carlos was not injured, but Julio will never walk again and has medical bills of $7 million dollars.  The postal service has not made any payments to help Julio with his medical bills. There is a rule at the office which states that the outer doors in the rear must remain closed, but many smokers prop the door open so that they can go and smoke and return through the door.  If the door had been shut, the gunman would not have been able to gain access and shoot Julio.   The smokers complain that there is not a specific place for them to smoke.  When several smokers were disciplined for leaving the door open, Betty, a smoker, said that at the time when the door was open, the smokers were not outside smoking, but were engaged in a protest to get a designated smoking area. Please assume that postal employees are public servants.


Also, while Carlos was employed by the postal service, he established a truck leasing company called Golden Pacific Logistics (GPL) to pay for the medical bills that were piling up because of Julio’s injury. From 2005 to 2009, the Carlos submitted a bid for GPL to be awarded truck leasing contracts with the postal service in the same unit that he managed. During this time, GPL billed the postal service for expenses that were never incurred for trucks, mileage, servicing, and maintenance costs. In his position with the USPS, the Carlos authorized the payments to GPL. GPL billed and received approximately $6.4 million from the post office; $4.4 million of this amount was the result of fraudulent billing.


Answer the following questions:

    1. Using the Go/No Go decision model, should the smokers have engaged in a protest by leaving the door open?  Make sure to discuss whether a public servant can engage in conscientious dissent as a citizen.
    2. Please analyze this question using the ethical theories It is clear from the facts that Carlos has broken the law.  Has Carlos also engaged in unethical activity by setting up a company to get contracts from the postal service? Does it matter that Carlos was attempting to pay for Julio’s medical bills?  What about the fact that the postal service has a duty to protect its employees?
  1. Timothy Carson, was the former human resources director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). He was responsible for the oversight, training, and administration of FEMA’s employees. In 2007, he had discussions with the Gallup Organization about hiring the firm to provide consulting services to FEMA on a human resources project. He subsequently began talking to Gallup about future employment at the firm. In August 2008, FEMA awarded the contract to Gallup without any input from Carson.  However, Carson supervised the contract, which was worth $6 million over a five-year period. In December 2008 and January 2009, the Carson requested and received additional funding for the contract. While supervising the contract, Carson met and fell in love with Ms. Bailey, the head of Human Resources at Gallup. As the head of Human Resources, she was responsible for hiring employees.  In an e-mail to Ms. Bailey on February 12, 2009, the Carson stated, “I got another 500k put on the contract. Cool huh?”

In January 2009, Carson interviewed for a job with Gallup, and in February 2009 he received a job offer from the firm. After he accepted the job with Gallup, and while he was still working at FEMA, he continued to oversee and work on the human resources project being performed by Gallup.  While supervising the project, Carson discovered that Bill, another FEMA employee had leaked information to another person at Gallup.  Had the information not been leaked, Gallup probably would not have gotten the contract.

Carson retired from FEMA on February 27, 2009. On his termination public financial disclosure report he indicated that he did not have any agreements or arrangements for future employment. He did not list his future employment with Gallup. On February 27, 2009, he asked Gallup, through Ms. Bailey, to provide him with an offer letter dated after the date that he left FEMA so that it would appear that he had received the offer of employment after he had resigned from FEMA. Gallup provided the letter and it was signed by Ms. Bailey. Subsequently, Ms. Bailey’s boss raised concerns about the hiring of Carson and then Gallup withdrew the offer of employment.  Carson filed a civil suit against Gallup alleging that they could not withdraw the offer of employment. Carson also leaked to FEMA that the contract with Gallup was obtained by fraud, and FEMA canceled the contract.

It is against organizational rules for an employee to leave a governmental agency and immediately work for a company that does business with FEMA.  Employees must wait a year before they can take a position with a firm that has a contract.  Also, FEMA has protections in place for employees or others who expose fraud and they cannot be fired.  If the fraud is proven, a reward of $100,000 can be paid out.  Lastly, all contractual information is confidential.

    1. Is Carson a whistle blower? Please discuss Carson’s motives for leaking the information to FEMA and whether he is under an obligation to keep any information confidential.
    2. Has Carson violated his ethical duty to FEMA? If he has, would it be fair for him to be rewarded with the $100,000?
  1. Using the Code of Conduct that you found, answer the following questions (1 page).
  2. a) Provide the name of the code of conduct and the group of individuals to which it applies
  3. b) What is the specific theme of the code that shows the organization’s main priorities?
  4. c) List three of the values of the organization found in the code.
  5. d) Is there a mix of codes of ethics and codes of conduct?  If so, list one of each.
  6. e) Does the code have individual procedures and for handling ethical problems?  List 2 procedures.

f). Does the code convey a tone of respect for group members and confidence? Provide a statement from the code that shows respect and confidence for the group to which the code applies.

  1. g) If the code is violated, are there specific provisions for leaving or remaining in the group?  List 2 of them.

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