• April 13th, 2016

English 101

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements

read Chapter 5 and pages 14-31 and 51-64 (from Chapter 2) of Global Issues, Local Arguments. Further, be sure you have read Chapters 3, 6, and 58-62 of Rules for Writers.

For this essay, you will build an argument concerning one of the environmental issues raised in Chapter 5 of Global Issues, Local Arguments (GILA).

You will begin by identifying a specific issue question to debate in the essay. (See discussion of issue questions on pages 15-16 of GILA.) The issue question you choose to debate must be a question that you have seen debated (or discussed or addressed or illustrated) EITHER in one of the films we have watched in or outside of class (Cowspiracy, Gasland, Gasland 2, Blue Gold: World Water Wars, Truthland, or Fracknation) OR in one of the essay readings from Chapter 5 of GILA.

Once you have settled on a particular issue question, you must begin thinking of possible claims you might wish to argue for in your essay. (See discussion of “claims” on pages 15-16 in GILA. Also, see discussion of “thesis statements” on pages 27-30, 86-87, 460-61 in Rules for Writers.) Remember, as explained in Chapter 2 of GILA, a claim is one of several possible contestable answers to an issue question. As you evaluate different possible claims for your essay, you should spend time researching your issue question and looking for appropriate sources (articles, books, films, speeches/lectures, for example) to reference in defense of the various claims you have thought of. Your goal should be to choose whichever claim you could argue most persuasively with the particular sources that you have discovered.
Concerning your search for appropriate sources, remember that your audience for this essay includes academic readers. Academic readers expect writers to use credible sources. Academic readers also expect writers to use authoritative sources with up-to-date information. Finally, academic readers expect writers to document clearly any use of sources. In Essay 3, you must be sure to use only sources that are credible and that can be clearly documented (some Web sources cannot be clearly documented). Also, you should try to use as many authoritative sources as possible. An authoritative source is a source written/produced/developed by someone who qualifies as an expert on the subject matter—someone who has considerable firsthand knowledge of the subject or someone who has spent considerable time researching and studying the subject. (See Chapter 54 in Rules for Writers for further discussion of appropriate sources.)

For an academic paper, you should NOT limit your research to the Web. Go to the BCTC Library website and research your topic in the various electronic library catalogs and electronic periodical databases located there, for example, KCTCS Library Catalog, UK Libraries, Ebrary, Academic Search Complete, Academic One File, Opposing Viewpoints, and so on. You can now use the Primo Discovery Search Box to conduct simultaneous searches of several different catalogs and databases. It is MUCH easier to find appropriate sources using library catalogs and periodical databases than it is using Google. When using a periodical database, try setting a limit to show only articles from scholarly or peer-reviewed journals/sources. Articles from such journals/sources usually offer the best quality information. When using a library catalog, look for books published by an academic press. The articles that scholars write for a scholarly, peer-reviewed journal or the books they write for a university press are usually carefully scrutinized and edited before they are published.
After you have settled on a specific claim to argue in your essay, and after you have identified a minimum of SEVEN a • 1500 words or more (not including the list of works cited)
• A clearly stated, contestable CLAIM in response to an issue question raised in Chapter 5 of GILA or in one of the related films we viewed in or outside of class
• 4 or more SUPPORTING REASONS
• A total of 15 or more specific facts, statistics, examples, and/or expert opinions (evidence) offered in support of your REASONS and in support of your RESPONSES TO OPPOSING/ALTERNATIVE VIEWPOINTS (you will borrow most or all of this evidence from your sources—you may also draw upon your own firsthand knowledge of the subject if you have any)
• At least 1 response to an important opposing or alternative viewpoint
• Use of 7 or more APPROPRIATE SOURCES (especially steer clear of most sources more than five years old and also untitled Web sites/pages whose authors and sponsors cannot be determined and whose date of publication is unknown—an appropriate source is one with up-to-date information and one that can be clearly identified)
• APA-style in-text citations (see Chapter 61a of Rules for Writers)
• APA-style bibliographical citations (see Chapter 61b and 62 of Rules for Writers)
• Relatively few distracting errors in grammar and mechanics

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