• April 3rd, 2016

Capital Budgeting

Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements

This case has two separate parts.

Part I: Capital Budgeting Practice Problems

a. Consider the project with the following expected cash flows:

Year

Cash flow

0
-$400,000

1
$100,000

2
$120,000

3 $850,000
•If the discount rate is 0%, what is the project’s net present value?
•If the discount rate is 2%, what is the project’s net present value?
•If the discount rate is 6%, what is the project’s net present value?
•If the discount rate is 11%, what is the project’s net present value?
•With a cost of capital of 5%, what is this project’s modified internal rate of return?

Now draw (for yourself) a chart where the discount rate is on the horizontal axis (the “x” axis) and the net present value on the vertical axis (the Y axis). Plot the net present value of the project as a function of the discount rate by dots for the four discount rates. Connect the four points using a free hand ‘smooth’ curve. The curve intersects the horizontal line at a particular discount rate. What is this discount rate at which the graph intersects the horizontal axis?

[ Look at the graph you draw and write a short paragraph stating what the graph ‘shows’]

b. Consider a project with the expected cash flows:

Year Cash flow
0
-$815,000

1
$141,000

2
$320,000

3
$440,000

•What is this project’s internal rate of return?
•If the discount rate is 1%, what is this project’s net present value?
•If the discount rate is 4%, what is this project’s net present value?
•If the discount rate is 10%, what is this project’s net present value?
•If the discount rate is 18%, what is this project’s net present value?

Now draw (for yourself) a chart where the discount rate is on the horizontal axis (the “x” axis) and the net present value on the vertical axis (the Y axis). Plot the net present value of the project as a function of the discount rate by dots for the four discount rates. Connect the four points using a free hand ‘smooth’ curve. The curve intersects the horizontal line at a particular discount rate. What is this discount rate at which the graph intersects the horizontal axis?

[ Observe the graph and write a short paragraph stating what the graph ‘shows’]

c. Read the background materials. Then write a one-to-two page paper answering the following question:

Which method do you think is the better one for making capital budgeting decisions – IRR or NPV?

Part 2: Equity and Debt

Read the article below available in ProQuest:

American Superconductor switch ; Westboro company plans to raise money through a stock offering, Andi Esposito. Telegram & Gazette. Worcester, Mass.: Aug 26, 2003. pg. E.1

Abstract (Article Summary)

“AMSC’s management and board of directors believe the decision to forgo a secured debt financing and to adopt an equity financing strategy under current market conditions is in the best interests of our shareholders,” said Gregory J. Yurek, chief executive officer of AMSC. The 265-employee company has operations in Westboro and Devens and in Wisconsin.

Finally, the Northeast blackout “shined a lot of light on the problems we have been talking about as a company for three to four years,” Mr. Yurek said. AMSC products, such as a system installed this year in the aging Connecticut grid and high temperature superconductor power cables and other devices bought by China for its grid, are designed to improve the cost, efficiency and reliability of systems that generate, deliver and use electric power. “We are a company with products out there solving problems today,” he said.

After reading the background materials and doing your research, apply what you learned from the background materials and write a two to three page paper answering the following questions:

What are the advantages and disadvantages for AMSC to forgo their debt financing and take on equity financing? Do you agree with their decision? How can a company’s cost of equity be determined? Is there a tax deduction from the use of debt financing? Please explain.

Explain your answers thoroughly. Be sure to support your opinions on these assignment questions with references to the background materials or to other articles in your paper

Full Article:
American Superconductor switch ; Westboro company plans to raise money through a stock offering, Andi Esposito. Telegram & Gazette. Worcester, Mass.: Aug 26, 2003. pg. E.1

WESTBORO — American Superconductor Corp., whose power grid products have gained heightened visibility since the Aug. 14 Northeast blackout, has scuttled plans for a $50 million secured debt financing and will instead raise the money through a public stock offering.

The company will disclose the number of shares to be sold from the company’s treasury, the amount of the expected proceeds and names of underwriters in a Securities and Exchange Commission registration statement that will be filed within two weeks, AMSC said yesterday.

AMSC had told shareholders in July that it expected to close at the end of this month on a secured debt financing package made up of a five-year term loan of up to $30 million from three groups of institutional investors, $10 million in subordinated notes and a $10 million bank credit facility.

The company hadn’t identified the investors or bank.

“AMSC’s management and board of directors believe the decision to forgo a secured debt financing and to adopt an equity financing strategy under current market conditions is in the best interests of our shareholders,” said Gregory J. Yurek, chief executive officer of AMSC. The 265-employee company has operations in Westboro and Devens and in Wisconsin.

The company’s stock, which closed yesterday at $12.20, up 60 cents on the Nasdaq Stock Market, has risen 305 percent this year.

Mr. Yurek said three factors led to the decision. First, AMSC has picked up revenue momentum and is on track toward achieving its target of $45 million to $50 million in revenue this year, more than doubling revenue of fiscal 2003.

Secondly, AMSC’s high temperature superconductor motor and generator business unit, which is working on a large U.S. Navy contract, was profitable in the first quarter ended June 30 — one quarter ahead of expectations.

Finally, the Northeast blackout “shined a lot of light on the problems we have been talking about as a company for three to four years,” Mr. Yurek said. AMSC products, such as a system installed this year in the aging Connecticut grid and high temperature superconductor power cables and other devices bought by China for its grid, are designed to improve the cost, efficiency and reliability of systems that generate, deliver and use electric power. “We are a company with products out there solving problems today,” he said.

At June 30, AMSC had cash reserves of $12.1 million. Last year the company spent $48 million to fund operations. But this year, because of cost savings and other steps, spending is forecast at $13 million to $15 million.

AMSC needs the money for general corporate purposes and to scale up manufacturing at Devens of its second-generation high temperature superconductor wire.

Word count: 446

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